What is psoriasis – causes, symptoms, types, and home treatments

If you notice that there are small, red, scaly bumps in the above-mentioned areas, then you might have psoriasis. However there are several other skin conditions to consider, and it is best to seek diagnosis and treatment by a qualified professional. What Causes Psoriasis?

The exact cause behind this skin disease is yet to be known, but there are a few common factors which are attributed to this skin condition. Any immune abnormality that leads to the production of excess skin cells is one of the most recognized causes of psoriasis. A psoriasis outbreak can be triggered by a strep infection, skin damage, or even emotional stress (2). It can occur in sites of trauma and friction. There is a genetic predisposition with psoriasis, so if you have a family history of psoriasis, it is a good idea to take care of your skin and health, as you may be predisposed.

Psoriasis Symptoms

The symptoms of psoriasis can easily be confused with the symptoms of other kinds of skin diseases, however many other skin diseases share similar treatments as psoriasis ( 1, 3). Psoriasis is usually treated with topical prescription creams containing corticosteroids and/or vitamin D. However, there are some anecdotal and well-studied home remedies that may be helpful.

Prescribed by Dr. John Pagano, this eponymous diet focuses on maintaining the balance between alkaline and acidic foods. Organic fruits and vegetables such as green leafy vegetables, broccoli, carrots, cucumber, celery, apples, ripe papaya, etc. should be consumed a lot. About 20-30% of your diet should include protein-rich food such as poultry, fish, and tofu. Dairy products should be consumed in limited quantities. Exclude red meat, fried food, white sugar, white flour, tomatoes, eggplant, white potato, chili, cayenne pepper, capsicum, and paprika from your diet. Do not drink alcohol and caffeinated drinks. Also, stay away from smoking ( 29). (b) Alkaline Diet Psoriasis

The alkaline diet is very similar to the Pagano diet for psoriasis. In the Pagano diet, the ratio of alkaline food to acidic food is 70:30. In the alkaline diet, this ratio is 80:20. The basis of this diet is to eliminate the acid that has built up inside the body and is causing psoriasis. Food and drink recommendations in the alkaline diet are the same as the Pagano diet. (c) Gluten-Free Diet

The association of gluten with psoriasis has recently been elucidated by scientists. This common allergen that is found in wheat, barley, rye, and all of their derivatives, can help relieve psoriasis symptoms when it is completely eliminated from the diet. The antibodies that are sensitive to gluten are found in a large number of psoriasis patients. By avoiding gluten consumption, the antibody-trigger (gluten), decreases inflammation in the skin ( 30).

With the advance of modern medicine, psoriasis can be accurately diagnosed and classified into its many subtypes. This knowledge has given the ability to relieve the uncomfortable and traumatizing symptoms of psoriasis. Let’s take a detailed look at the different types of psoriasis and their treatments. 1. Plaque Psoriasis

The most common type of psoriasis, plaque psoriasis manifests itself as raised, red patches covered with a whitish build-up of dead skin cells resulting in scales. These patches usually appear on the knees, elbows, scalp, lower back, palms, and the soles of the feet. When biopsied, plaque psoriasis skin is thicker and more inflamed in comparison to eczema.

Guttate psoriasis is the second most common psoriasis that often starts in childhood or early adulthood. It is characterized by multiple small red spots all over the body and commonly occurs on the trunk and limbs. The plaques are not as thick as compared to other forms of psoriasis. Guttate psoriasis is often triggered by respiratory infections, tonsillitis, streptococcal infections, stress, and injury to the skin.

Intertriginous psoriasis, commonly known as inverse psoriasis, appears as lesions under the folds of the skin. Commonly found in the groins, armpits, under the breasts, and in other skin folds, inverse psoriasis appears as red, often smooth and shiny lesions. Common to unexposed areas vulnerable to sweat and humidity, it is often very itchy and bothersome. It is more common in overweight people with deep skin folds and is also found in combination with other types of psoriasis.

Most commonly treated with topical medications and oral drugs. Phototherapy is only used in extreme cases. Common topical medications for inverse psoriasis are mild topical steroids and steroid-sparing anti-inflammatory topical creams, such as Tacrolimus and Pimecrolimus. 4. Pustular Psoriasis

Characterized by pustules or blisters of noninfectious pus, pustular psoriasis is not very common, and it is a traumatizing of all forms of psoriasis. The pus in the blisters consists of white blood cells that aren’t infectious or contagious. Pustular psoriasis is usually found in adults and may be predominant in certain areas of the body, such as the hands and feet. The common triggers for pustular psoriasis are pregnancy, emotional stress, certain medications, overexposure to UV light, among others.

The rarest type of psoriasis, erythrodermic psoriasis manifests as red and itchy skin over a large area. Unlike other forms of psoriasis, the skin sheds in sheets instead of flakes, and fluid loss can be almost fatal, resulting in dehydration and other systemic symptoms, such as unstable body temperatures and a higher heart rate.

Particularly difficult to treat, erythrodermic psoriasis is often initially treated with topical steroids and moisturizers. However, treatment gets more complicated with time, and often, a combination of treatment including oral drugs and topical medications, UV exposure, and oral PUVA is needed.

• Improper diet – People who have psoriasis should avoid red meats and fatty acids from their diet. If you do have a craving for red meat, choose lean cuts of beef instead of the fatty ones. White meat, like chicken and turkey, are great as well since they will help in improving your skin and heart.

• When you have any skin disease, it is very important to keep your skin clean and, if possible, sterile. If your skin is dirty, it might lead to more complex skin conditions. The best way to do this is by taking frequent baths. While bathing, try to avoid harsh chemical products. Try herbal shampoos and soaps instead. Even if you do not want to take or do not have time for frequent baths, you can stay clean by washing the affected areas carefully.

Psoriasis, by itself, is a stressful condition to be suffering from. If not managed properly, this skin disorder can cause complications in the functioning of the rest of the body organs. People with psoriasis have higher chances of also suffering from

Although there is no cure for psoriasis, home treatments do exist, which can help ease the pain caused by these skin lesions. Some of these simple home remedies for psoriasis can help treat the acute condition. However, if the condition persists and there is still no cure, consulting a dermatologist is mandatory. Expert’s Answers For Readers’ Questions

A treatable skin disorder, psoriasis has affected thousands of people worldwide. We see that some people are genetically more likely to have the disorder. If someone in your family has psoriasis, the chances are high that you may be affected by it.

With advances in science, more potent treatments are being developed for psoriasis. Laser treatment is targeted only on the affected tissue and works faster than the traditional light therapy. In just eight to 10 sessions, results are visible ( 48).

Unfortunately, having one autoimmune disease can easily trigger others. Psoriasis patients have been recorded to have at least one other autoimmune disorder. Some examples of associated autoimmune diseases include psoriatic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, type 1 diabetes mellitus, and vitiligo ( 49).

Psoriasis is an easily manageable skin disease, but only if it is detected on time. If you are genetically susceptible to it, be cautious. No matter how many dermatologists you visit, the health of your skin is ultimately your responsibility.

It is easy to see that home remedies for psoriasis are safer than the medical remedies. But in the case of severe psoriasis, medical remedies are the only way out. Hence, it is best to recognize the symptoms of psoriasis early and start any kind of treatment before it is too late. Recommended Articles